Inertial Survey Products – Worldwide Sales & Rental
We offer inertial survey products and support services for land seismic projects. Our primary market is providing inertial systems to stake out source and receiver positions in the oil and gas exploration business in forested or mixed areas. A typical operation will include multiple inertial systems with surveyors and cutting crews deployed into the client’s field operations. Overseeing these field operations will be a survey supervisor who is tasked with working within the client’s survey organization, processing data and directing field operations.
Inertial survey instruments replace theodolite-based total stations in areas where GPS can’t be used for the whole project. This is usually because some part or the entire zone is forested.
It is important to note that using GPS in the clearings of a mixed area –and leaving patches of lines not surveyed- is counter-productive. Better do the whole prospect with inertial systems only.
Worldwide operations 24/7/365
Responding to the needs of the international land exploration industry, Zupt is on call 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week. Our years of experience, combined with our unique cutting edge survey technologies, assure that your projects will be completed on time and within budget. We offer complete inertial survey equipment sales, rental and training/support for your field surveyors/operators. Our team supports land seismic operations worldwide.
Standard Data Formats and Exchange
Our hand held computers/data loggers run our standard stake out software. Pre plot files will be uploaded at the start of the day and “as surveyed” data will be unloaded from the systems at the end of the day. All industry standard data formats are supported by our software with very easy transfers to/from GPSeismic™.
Freezing to boiling
These systems are designed to work from the heat and humidity of the tropical rain orests to the severe cold of the Northern Canadian territories. These systems will survive wherever land seismic crews will operate. As such, the systems have been ruggedized and temperature rated for operations from –10ºC to + 45ºC and enclosed in casings to allow for rain, sand, snow and dust.
We are not your normal sales and rental company!
We only offer inertial survey services in support of seismic survey operations. We do not offer purely GPS or conventional survey products. Our focus is on the productive use of inertial technology in the field.
Land Seismic and Why Inertial?
Surveying in canopy/forest and urban canyon areas for land seismic acquisition.
In many active geographical regions of land seismic exploration the canopy (trees/forestation) is such that RTK GPS cannot be used for the precise installation of survey stakes. The high-frequency radio signals from the satellite segment of the GPS system (1.2 to 1.6 Ghz) cannot penetrate through the vegetation to the receivers being carried by the field surveyors.
Various optical survey techniques have been tried in the past, to overcome the lack of GPS signals in these environments. Conventional (optical) techniques are primarily used when the canopy/terrain limits GPS operations.
This optical survey technique requires extensive cutting/clearing to allow access for the survey crews and “line of sight” for the surveyors to operate. This cutting takes significant time and causes some impact in the surveyed areas due to the removal of vegetation. The cost of slow production of conventional survey crews can be overwhelmingly improved upon through the use of Zupt’s inertial survey capabilities. One inertial survey crew can deliver the production of two or three conventional crews.
Zupt’s inertial solutions only require minimal cutting/cleaning to allow access. These systems deliver exceptional productivity and quality. Zupt can deliver if low impact surveying is a requirement on your job.
Highly productive inertial land survey for seismic staking:
Inertial surveying replaces conventional survey crews with unprecedented daily production. We also increase the production over RTK crews in areas of sparse canopy as we can complete the work in a single pass. Our operations always result in “low impact” cutting.
Inertial surveyors are Your Drillers Best Friend
Inertial operators are experienced in the best use of inertial technology in oil exploration. The production achievable from our inertial systems demands a very close working relationship between field cutting crews, clients drilling crews, your surveyors and the eventually the Zupt support group. Our personnel fully understand the concerns and issues associated with access and drilling/shooting productivity.
Inertial surveyors will survey and provide access with the drillers’ productivity in mind.
Optimal cutting = low impact + high productivity
Receiver lines: The conventional requirements for perfectly straight and clear-cut receiver lines, geophone spacing and cable limitations, still exist for your inertial operations. If the occasional tree or shrub can be worked around without removing it, you can leave it in place and keep producing. A large path will be cut for easy access down the line.
Because you do not need line of sight you can leave these occasional obstacles causing a very slight offsets (20cm or less) for the phone lines, benefiting everyone while not affecting the juggies and their ability to be productive – less cutting leading to less safety issues, less environmental issues, time saved… You cut very straight receiver lines and you optimize production while delivering high quality survey.
Shot Lines: We understand the primary need for high production drilling crews. A clear, well-flagged line with easy access, appropriately cut is the primary focus when working on offset or in-line shot lines. Your inertial operators will ensure that drillers find the shot point quickly, and their drills can progress quickly (safely) from shot point to shot point: good access, good flagging. The same logic works for the shooters when time is truly of the essence.
And this means? … a Driller and Shooter Friendly Survey
Inertial lines will give drillers far better access than conventional crews. The slightly winding, well flagged path can move around thick bush and give the drilling hardware easier access on manageable slopes. This is to be compared with conventional (theodolite) surveying techniques that can often lead to impossible slopes, cut trees on the path and dangerous drilling conditions, just because the line had to be cut perfectly straight due to the line of sight limitation (and only for that reason).
With optical surveys, drillers often need to move the shot point a few feet away from the installed stake for access reasons: the stake is placed by a fence, under a tree, on a berm or a ditch making it impossible to drill. This action driller moving the stake is detrimental to the overall accuracy of the seismic project, and is rarely noticed. The drillers re-located drill point is rarely resurveyed.
By using “driller friendly” inertial surveyors on your project, the shot point will be placed and surveyed in the right location – within offset specifications – for the driller to feel comfortable drilling. This type of surveying will also improve your drilling safety. Because our surveyors can avoid the very difficult vegetation exactly like the drillers, they create a path of least resistance – and less damage to the environment – that is many times more productive for the drillers and also for the shooters, therefore the path of best production for the crew.
We understand that an intelligent and knowledgeable inertial survey team can significantly improve safety and seismic production.
The inertial surveyor can undertake the installation of control to ensure optimal production for his inertial units. This control network will usually be established through triangulation, traversing or GPS: post-processed GPS for the first order network and possibly RTK GPS for example for second or third order.
A good average value is 1 Control point every mile (1.6km) of straight line for seismic.
Operational quality indicators
Inertial zero velocity update drift control and error (rms from Kalman co-variance matrix diagonals) analysis is available for our units during operations to ensure quality control of all installed locations. Immediate QC is available at ties made throughout our daily operations.
Field proven hardware and software
Zupt’s land seismic inertial systems are constructed with state of the art inertial measurement units (IMUs) with customized navigation software specifically designed for seismic operations. We even have state of the art custom battery packs specifically designed for our field units to ensure maximum power to weight ratios to minimize the load on our field personnel.
Not only have our mobile inertial systems been proven to work for land seismic, but both B-PINS™ and A-PINS™ are also shown to be effective in other fields including mining and dam survey.
Trying to get a precise survey of a mine in any situation can be difficult. The differentiating environments of an underground mine cripple the ability to use typical survey equipment that need flat areas and line of sight, both of which are difficult and time consuming to obtain. Even in a strip mine, the area that needs surveying are hostile to typical GPS surveying, making the results imprecise, costing time and money to compile data needed.
B-PINS™ can get this done.
Although GPS isn’t used for an underground mine the same concept applies to both underground and above ground mines, that makes inertial survey so successful for land seismic.
The environmental requirements for B-PINS™ are the same as in Land Seismic. There is no need for large, expensive, and not to mention slow, machines to create a space that is friendly to optic survey equipment. The customer only needs to align, walk, ZUPT, and collect the data. Simple, easy, and precise…
Zupt’s A-PINS™, has also shown to be effective and precise for use in dam survey.
A recent project that we worked on, a Dam was to be built in a valley and therefore a lake would be made. Our customers needed a precise survey within 6 inches of were the lake’s end shore would be. Using the inertial unit it was possible to work on the steep terrain that was present and at the same time precisely position stakes to flag off the area that was to be flooded.
Our Inertial system allowed for precise results even in rough terrain.
Zupt offers precision forestry mapping solutions utilizing inertial navigation systems. These systems provide accuracy along with high levels of survey productivity. Inertial survey under jungle or forest canopy has very low to no environmental impact.
Some of the services our products can be used for include:
- Management Planning
- Resource Inventory
- Habitat Assessment
- Landscape Analysis
- Site Plan Preparation
- Risk Analysis
- Harvest Appraisal
- Boundary Determination
Inertial systems used for land survey under canopy have significantly improved productivity while reducing environmental impact. Productivity improvements are estimated as 4 times that of conventional survey.
The requirements for line cutting for high productivity conventional (optical) surveys in the woods are not a factor before inertial surveying. Our products do not need a clear line of sight through the woods and as a result pose no threat to trees and saplings.
Inertial surveying techniques have enabled multiple “low impact” surveys to be completed in very environmentally sensitive areas. The application of this technology has matured over the past 15 years and is now a commonly used for precise survey under canopy in the land seismic exploration sector.
Current generation systems use the latest battery technology leading to long operational life with low weights in the field, wireless communications allowing for cable less communications between the data collector and the backpack, reliable hand held computers with efficient and bright screens for outdoor daily use and of course the latest generation inertial technology.
The quality of the data from our B-PINS has been compared to RTK DGPS on multiple jobs since 2005 and has been proven to be on the order of 0.3m to 0.5m per Km traversed in real time and the post processed data will be on the order of +/- 0.25m to 0.35m.
To learn more about our products and solutions for Forestry Mapping Contact Zupt